- Adults bed bugs are 4-5 mm long and 1.5-3 mm wide.
- Adult bed bugs are light to reddish-brown in color.
- Adults are oval-shaped and flattened, with no hind wings.
- Females can lay 3-4 eggs daily until the end of their lifespan (approximately 9 months in warm conditions), potentially laying 500 eggs in this time.
- Adult bed bugs can survive varied temperatures. Under 16.1°C, they enter semi-hibernation and can survive longer; at -10°C, they can survive for at least 5 days; they die after 15 minutes of exposure to -32°C.
- They are blood-sucking insects.
- Bed bugs can cause a variety of health effects, such as skin rashes, allergic symptoms, and psychological effects.
- They are not known to transmit pathogens.