- Ants are social insects consisting of four castes: queens (large egg layers), males (winged), workers (wingless and sterile), and soldiers (defence).
- The number of ants in a colony varies from 100s to 1000s.
- Several species of ants may occur in a single location.
- They feed on a wide variety of foods.
- A few ant species occupy homes and gardens, causing damage by feeding on products.
- Some species can bite and sting, potentially inducing allergic reactions in persons injured.